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west african puff puff.
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5 from 5 votes

Puff Puff

Puff puff, a sweet deep-fried dough. A popular street snack in Nigeria and beyond. This recipe comes with clear instructions to making perfect puff puff.
Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time30 mins
proofing time1 hr
Total Time45 mins
Course: Snack
Cuisine: African, Nigerian
Keyword: how to make puff puff, nigerian puff puff, puff puff
Servings: 10
Author: Ajoke


  • 600 g all-purpose flour
  • 10 g fast action yeast
  • 150 g sugar use as desired
  • ½ tsp salt
  • 550-650 ml Lukewarm Water
  • 1 tablespoon chilli flakes substitute with 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 teaspoon grated nutmeg optional
  • Vegetable oil for frying


  • In a shallow bowl, add flour and salt together (combine salt with flour first)
  • Add other dry ingredients and combine well
  • Add lukewarm water to the dry mixture in bits to form a batter. You can add 500g at first then check if it needs more water. (the batter should not be runny and it shouldn't be thick as well, find a balance in between the two)
  • Cover the bowl with a cling film or a damp towel and place in a warm place to proof. (Till batter doubles in size usually between an hour or two. You can leave it longer if you want)
  • Once the mixture has risen and doubled in size, you then move on to frying.

How to fry puff puff

  • on medium-high heat, add enough oil to a frying pan and heat till hot (about 4 inches high). Drop a tiny bit of batter in hot oil to test and if the batter floats to the top of the heat then it is ready to use.
  • Method on how to scoop batter to oil with your palm: People always find scooping batter in oil very tricky but I tell you it is very easy.Get clean water in a bowl
    Dip your hand in the water to wet it a bit, shake off excess
    Dip your hand in batter, draw the batter towards the bowl and yourself
    Keep the batter in between your fingers and palm
    Squeeze batter in-between your palm and allow it to drop freely into the oil
    Don’t overcrowd the oil (Please refer to images in post for reference)
  • The batter should float to the top of the oil, this is where the magic start, I just love the bits when the puff puff starts turning in the hot oil (reduce the heat a bit at this point so that puff puff can fry through and be well done)
  • Fry puff puff on both sides till golden brown
  • Repeat the process till you have exhausted the batter
  • If the hand method is not for you, simply use a scoop to put the batter in oil. 


Can I make Puff Puff without yeast?
Unfortunately, it is called puff puff because of the yeast. There is good news for you though, you can make Nigerian puff puff without yeast. Check this buns recipe, alternatively, use self-raising flour, sugar and milk. You can also add an egg if you want but this is optional.
Puff puff needs proofing, so you will need a shallow big bowl that will allow for proofing
If you are using a fast action yeast, you don’t need to proof the yeast, just add to the flour.